Craig Calhoun is a Senior Advisor to the Berggruen Institute. Formerly the President of the Institute, he developed the broad thematic agenda for the Institute. Focusing on Great Transformations in the human condition, brought for example by climate change, restructuring of global economics and politics, and advances in science and technology, the Institute will seek to connect deep thought in the human sciences - philosophy and culture - to the pursuit of practical improvements in governance and practical action. Calhoun is now guiding the Institute’s growth with new staff, networks of fellows, and teams joining in research and intellectual inquiry. These complement and inform its extensive networks of leaders from government, business, and intellectual life.
Earlier, Calhoun was for thirteen years President of the New York-based Social Science Research Council (SSRC). He initiated projects on a range of themes including religion and the public sphere; understanding 9/11; humanitarian emergencies; the global financial crisis; housing policy; media, technology and culture; the next generation of African social science; HIV/AIDS; privatization of risk; the history of social science, and improving the effectiveness of researchers’ public engagement.
In recognition of his contributions to social science research, Professor Calhoun was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in July 2015. In 2014 he received an honorary doctorate from the Erasmus University in Rotterdam, which recognized him as “one of today’s foremost social scientists.” Among his earlier awards were an honorary doctorate from La Trobe University in Melbourne, Fellowship of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Philosophical Society, two ‘best book’ prizes from the American Sociological Association, and invitations to give numerous prominent lectures, including the Tanner Lecture in Philosophy and the Willem Aubert Lecture in Sociology. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, was named an Einstein Fellow by the City of Berlin, and elected President of the International Institute of Sociology.
Calhoun received his doctorate in Politics (with an emphasis on Sociology and Modern Social and Economic History) from Oxford University, following previous study in Southern California, Columbia, and Manchester Universities, mainly in Anthropology. He is Co-Chair of the Board of the American Assembly and a member of the Board of the MasterCard Foundation and the Center for Transcultural Studies, and of the Council of the St. Paul’s Institute.
21st Century Council Member and New Leaders Advisor
Jendayi E. Frazer is known worldwide as a policy leader and expert on African Affairs. She joined the faculty at Carnegie Mellon University in 2009 as Distinguished Public Service Professor with joint appointments in the Department of Social and Decision Sciences, and in the H. John Heinz College’s School of Public Policy and Management. Her current research focuses on strengthening regional security cooperation and economic and political integration in Africa. She is the Director of Carnegie Mellon’s new Center for International Policy and Innovation (CIPI) where she is particularly interested in utilizing technology and applying innovative solutions to core issues of development and governance in Africa.
Ambassador Frazer was the leading architect of U.S.-Africa policy for nearly a decade, most recently serving as the U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs from August 2005 to January 2009. She was Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for African Affairs at the National Security Council from January 2001 until her swearing-in as the first woman U.S. Ambassador to South Africa in June 2004. During Frazer’s government service, U.S. assistance to Africa quadrupled reaching an historic high of $6.7 billion by 2008. She was instrumental in the decisions that established the Bush Administration’s signature initiatives, including the $15 billion President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the $500 million African Education Initiative, as well as the Millennium Challenge Account that committed $3.2 billion to well-governed African countries by 2008.
Frazer is widely credited for designing the administration’s policies for ending the wars in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Burundi. She was also instrumental in resolving the crisis following Kenya’s 2007 presidential election. In recognition of her contributions, Secretary Condoleezza Rice presented Frazer with the Distinguished Service Award in January 2009, the highest award bestowed by the Secretary of State. In July 2010, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia awarded Frazer with the distinction of Dame Grand Commander in the Humane Order of African Redemption in recognition to her contributions to end Liberia's civil war and restore peace and democracy to the country.
Dr. Frazer received her B.A. degree in Political Science (honors) and African and Afro-American Studies (distinction) in 1985, and M.A. degrees in International Policy Studies in 1985 and International Development Education in 1989, and a Ph.D. in Political Science, 1994 all from Stanford University.
Senior Advisor, Board of Directors, BPCC Advisory Board
Nathan Gardels is the editor-in-chief of The WorldPost and a senior adviser to the Berggruen Institute. He has been editor of New Perspectives Quarterly since it began publishing in 1985. He has served as editor of Global Viewpoint and Nobel Laureates Plus (services of Los Angeles Times (Syndicate/Tribune Media) since 1989. These services have a worldwide readership of 35 million in 15 languages.
Gardels has written widely for The Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, New York Times, Washington Post, Harper's, U.S. News & World Report and the New York Review of Books. He has also written for foreign publications, including Corriere della Sera, El Pais, Le Figaro, the Straits Times (Singapore), Yomiuri Shimbun, O'Estado de Sao Paulo, The Guardian, Die Welt and many others. His books include,"At Century's End: Great Minds Reflect on Our Times" and "The Changing Global Order”. He is coauthor with Hollywood producer Mike Medvoy of "American Idol After Iraq: Competing for Hearts and Minds in the Global Media Age."
Since 1986, Gardels has been a Media Fellow of the World Economic Forum (Davos). He has lectured at the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) in Rabat, Morocco and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, China. Gardels was a founding member at the New Delhi meeting of Intellectuels du Monde and a visiting researcher at the USA-Canada Institute in Moscow before the end of the Cold War. He has been a member of the Council of Foreign Relations, as well as the Pacific Council, for many years.
From 1983 to 1985, Gardels was executive director of the Institute for National Strategy where he conducted policy research at the USA-Canada Institute in Moscow, the People's Institute of Foreign Affairs in Beijing, the Swedish Institute in Stockholm and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung in Bonn. Prior to this, he spent four years as key adviser to the Governor of California on economic affairs with an emphasis on public investment, trade issues, the Pacific Basin and Mexico.
Gardels is co-author with Nicolas Berggruen of Intelligent Governance for the 21st Century, a Financial Times Book of the Year.
Gardels holds degrees in Theory and Comparative Politics and in Architecture and Urban Planning from UCLA. He lives in Los Angeles with his wife, Lilly, and two sons, Carlos and Alexander.
Max is a Partner and the Chief Executive Officer Europe for SkyBridge Capital, a leading alternative investments firm. From September 2005 until May 2011, he was the Director and Head of Investors at the World Economic Forum where he built and lead an international team based in New York and Geneva responsible for all global activities and relationships of the World Economic Forum related to finance and investment. Furthermore, Max oversaw the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on “The Future of Long-Term Investing” and was a trustee of the World Economic Forum Retirement Plan. Prior to joining the World Economic Forum, Max was a serial entrepreneur. He was a Co-Founder & Managing Director at Public One Strategy Consulting, where he advised federal and local governments on issues related to foreign investment, technology & entrepreneurship.
Previously, he was a founding team member of the Oxford based technology company Mondus Limited. As the Director Legal, he helped build the nternational operation and was involved in the successful trade sale to SEAT Pagine Gialle.
He studied Law and Modern History at St. John’s College, Oxford University, and Humboldt Universität zu Berlin and holds an Executive Masters in Global Leadership from the World Economic Forum (Program in collaboration with Wharton School of Business, Columbia University, INSEAD and London Business School). Max was named a German-American Young Leader of the Atlantik Brücke in 2004 and a Global Leadership Fellow by the World Economic Forum in 2005. He is also a Senior Advisor on Global Business for the Stanford Program on Regions of Entrepreneurship and Innovation at the Asia Pacific Research Center of Stanford University.
Mr. Feng Wei is the Executive Deputy Secretary General of the China Institute for Innovation and Development Strategy (CIIDS).
Mr. Feng Wei joined the Chinese diplomatic service in 1986 and served successively as Attaché of the Chinese Embassy in New Zealand, First Secretary of the Chinese Mission to the United Nations in Geneva and Director of the Information Department of the Chinese Foreign Ministry. He co-founded the China Public Diplomacy Network of the Chinese Foreign Ministry in 1999 and has been devoting his time mostly to public diplomacy and engaged extensively in international political and economic events including World Economic Forum, Trilateral Commission and Bo’ao Forum. Since 2003, he has served as Deputy Secretary General of China National Association for International Studies (CNAIS) and Deputy Secretary General of Board of Directors of China Foreign Affairs University. Over the years, he has initiated and organized a number of major international events including the East Asia Investment Forum (2005-2008), Asia Energy Forum (2009) and the US-China Clean Energy Strategic Cooperation Forum (since 2009). He is currently Executive Deputy Secretary General for China Institute for Innovation and Development Studies (CIIDS)
Mr. Feng holds a BA (Hons) on English Literature from Lanzhou University and is an EMBA graduate of Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business. He is fluent in Mandarin, English and speaks French.